Born: 563 BC
There was a time for believers of Vedic religion when wicked people, to fulfill their bad wishes had started taking the wrong meaning of Vedas and this way started telling people that sacrifice of human beings, and animals, consuming alcohol and lustful desires are a form of Vedic religion. This way when people were troubled with the deterioration of Vedic religion and its wrong meaning of it, to reestablish Vedic religion, Lord Vishnu reincarnated on this earth. This incarnation of Lord Vishnu was Gautam Buddh who is also known by the names of Bhagwan Buddh, Tathagat, Bodisatva, Siddharth, and Shakyamuni.
Bhagwan Buddh was born in 563 BC at Lumbini (Kapilvastu) which is in Nepal at present. His father Maharaj Suddhodhan was the King of Kapilvastu. His mother’s name was Maharani Mayavati. His parents had named him Siddharth and his family name was “Gautam”. Further, he became famous with the name Gautam Buddh. The meaning of Buddh is one who got the knowledge or the one who got the divine light.
Since childhood, Prince Siddharth was full of mercy. In spite of their royal upbringing and education, he was of ascetic nature and used to get upset with every small incident that happened around him wherein there was even a little pain. He was merciful towards every living thing. He used to be in pain on seeing a horse perspiring in the race and would immediately stop in the race. While hunting, he would keep back the arrow in quiver thinking that what an animal had done wrong for him to take away his life. Once, Prince Siddharth was playing in the garden with his cousin. Just then his cousin shoot an arrow at a flying swan and the injured Swan fell down on the ground. Seeing this condition of Swan, tears rolled down Siddharth’s eyes. He took the Swan in his hands, treated him, and saved his life.
When Prince Siddharth grew up, King Suddhodhan got him married to Princess Yashodhara. A baby boy was born to Yashodhara whom they named Rahul.
In spite of living a householder’s life and living a royal life, Siddharth’s asceticism did not lessen. It is said that people had said about him that the prince would become an ascetic after seeing old, sick, dead, and saintly people. His father tried his best to tie him up in terrestrial life but coincidentally all these four scenes kept coming in front of Prince Siddharth and a feeling of complete asceticism developed in his mind. He understood that this world is destructible, fake and everything here is destructible. Affection for this world was futile. With this mindset, Prince once left the palace in search of knowledge. Just as he reached a little far, his heart felt for his son and he returned to the palace, saw his son, kissed him, and shedding all affection, once again set out to gain knowledge.
After leaving his house, Gautam learned from Brahmins, all the four Vedas, and six Shastras. Then he started strong penance. In the end, he attained Truth. With this, he got immense peace which he named “Nirvan”. At that time, Buddh was 35 years old. The peepal tree under which Shri Buddh attained Truth, is known as “Bodhi- Vriksh” which means the tree of knowledge.
After attaining Truth, Gautam Buddh started spreading his knowledge everywhere. Within his disciples, he promoted four “Arya Satyas” and also preached “Arya Ashtanmarg” following which was inevitable for all his followers. The four “Arya Satya” (noble truths) and “Arya Ashtanmarg” (eightfold path) are as follows:
- The world is full of sorrows.
- The cause of sorrow is desire.
- If desires are conquered all sorrows can be removed.
- The only way this can be done is by following the right-fold path.
The steps of eight-fold Path are:
- Right conception
- Right thought
- Right Speech
- Right Action
- Right Livelihood
- Right Efforts
- Right Mindfulness
- Right concentration
Just as Buddh’s theory became popular, it took the form of the Budh religion. The base of all the preaching of Buddha on truth, non-violence, and love was the Vedas. At that time, he opposed Vedas because, at that time, the demonic-natured Brahmins were harassing people by taking out the wrong meaning of Vedas but whatever theory Budh established was actually the real meaning of Vedas. In a true sense, he put forward the original meaning of Vedas in the form of his thoughts and established a true and pious religion. All of his principles were based on Vedic principles. Since people were sad as the original principles of Vedas had vanished, they felt blessed with the Budh religion. This was the reason, people in huge numbers became followers of Buddh and the Budh religion started becoming famous in the world.
Making people happy with his presence, establishing truth, non-violence, and love in the society and impressing everyone right from layman to King and making them his followers, Lord Buddh lived on this earth for eighty years. At the age of eighty, at a place named Kushinagar, Shri Gautam Buddh left for a heavenly abode.
After his death, the local people took out a grand procession and ceremoniously completed funeral rites. Wherever his followers resided, everyone asked for the ashes of his body to keep him alive in their memories. As a result, the ash of his body was divided into eight parts and at various places in the country, his monuments were built.