Meaning of Mantra
Mantra is set of sacred phrases or words, which are to be repeated or chanted for the well-being of the subject. “Man” in Sanskrit means Mind, and “Tra” is instrument. Mantra means ‘An Instrument for the mind’. This is an ancient Hindu Practice, and the prevalent language is Sanskrit.
Uttering Mantras is believed to have spiritual and psychological effect.
It helps concentrate and is used as a tool to aid meditation and bring about a positive difference in a person’s life. It is also given by the Guru to disciple (Shishya) to help concentration in the initiation. This is a powerful tool and helps the mind focus and harness the inner energies.
Mantras are used in Yoga, especially in pranayama. Encouraging the person to enter an alpha state or meditative state. It is the 1ststep to the inward journey of an individual, to synchronise the divinity within them.
It is said that the Mantra that a person chooses to chant will change the vibration of the being and elevates the person’s level of consciousness.
Jaap Mala or Rosary :The Mantra can be chanted over a beaded rosary and is repeated 108 times. (Did you know! The diameter of the sun is about 108 times that of the diameter of Earth. The average distance between the Earth and the Sun is 108 times the sun’s diameter. The average distance from the Earth to the Moon is 238,800 miles, about 108 times the moons diameter. No wonder the ancient seers used 108 as the number of beads in a rosary or Mala since it was with the perfect alignment of the luminaries the Moon and Sun in our solar system)
The Nine planets or Navgraha Mantras
Mantras are a powerful tool of bringing positivity in one’s life. Hindus believe that every human being is governed by the planets or Navagraha since their birth. From the point of the view of the earth, we consider the 5 visible “planets” i.e. Mercury, Mars, Venus, Jupiter and Saturn plus the Sun and Moon are also considered, plus the North and South Node of the Moon. The planets beyond Saturn were not considered since they had very little influence on human life due to their distance from the earth.
There are temples of Navagraha or nine planets to appease them to maintain a perfect balance in ones life. Of which 7 are associated with the 7 days of the week. The other 2 are Rahu– lunar ascending node, Ketu – Lunar descending node do not have specific days of the week assigned to them but there Rahu and Ketu can be both worshipped on a Monday, since they are connected with the Moon (souther note and northern node).
The & days of the week and the Ruling Planets.
|The grahas||The English name||The ruling Deity||Colour||Offerings|
|Surya||Sun||Surya Dev||Red||Red Flowers|
|Chandra||Moon||Shiva||White||White Flowers and Bilva Leaves|
|Budh||Mercury||Krishna /Ganpati||Green||Tulsi leaves|
|Brihaspati ( Guru)||Jupiter||Gurus or Saints||Yellow||Yellow flowers|
|Shukra||Venus||Laxmi Devi/Durga Devi||White||White Flowers|
|Shani||Saturn||Hanuman/Shani Dev||Black||Seseme oil/ seeds|
Ravi – war (translated as Sunday attack) – Sun god:
The Surya Mantra is chanted to appease the sun god. Reciting the mantra improves ones health, buddhi ( mind) , vision and brings fame and success to the person.
Surya Mantra :
Japa Kusuma Samkaasham
Kaashya-peyam Mahaa-dyutim ।
Tamorim Sarva-papaghnam Pranatosmin Divakaram ॥
Translation into English
Sun (Soorya-Ravi) I pray to the Sun, the day-maker, destroyer of all sins, the enemy of darkness, of great brilliance, the descendent of Kaashyapa, the one who shines like the japaa flower.
The ritual: The mantra is to be chanted after bathing on a Sunday morning. Red colour is associated with the god and so red flowers are offered in prayer.
Som war : (translation – Mondays Attack) – Lord Shiva:
The mantra is to appease Shiva and the moon, as Shiva is known to be the one who rules the moon. Shiva had at one time saved the moon from a curse, hence the moon is indebted to Shiva. Infact, Shiva takes the name of Som Nath ( the lord of the moon) . The Somnath temple in Gujarat stands as a testimony to this story.
This mantra is very good for keeping your nerves calm. The Moon represents the Mind which is from where everything starts, our source of Happiness, Sadness and all other emotions and thoughts. You must have heard the saying, “It is all in the mind”. Need we say more about the importance of this mantra.
Chandra Mantra :
Dadhi-shankha Tushaarabham Ksheeror-daarnava sambhavam ।
Namami Shashinam Somam Shambhor-mukuta- bhooshanam ॥
“I pray to the Moon who shines coolly like curds or a white shell, who arose from the ocean of milk, who has a hare on him, Soma, who is the ornament of Shiva’s hair.”
The ritual: The mantra is to be chanted after bathing on a Moonday. White clothing is to be worn and white colour flowers along with Bilva leaves are offered in prayer.
Mangal war ( Tuesday’s Attack ) – Lord Hanuman:
This mantra is to keep Mangal Graha appeased, as it is the planet the represents energy and fire in our day to day activities. Action is the basis of our human life and Mars determines our stamina, energy levels and aggression. People with a strong mars in their horoscope often become sports people, Actors (lot of energy is needed for acting) and excellent Marketing people. The Deity that is representative of Mangal is Hanuman from the Ramayan, as he selflessly completed all the tasks of Lord Rama. It is believed that Lord Hanuman takes care of his devotees and protects them. Tuesday is also associated with Ganesha, who also has a connect with Mars and is known to be “Mangal Murti”.
DHARANI GARBHA SAMBHUTAM VIDHUTKANTI SAMPRABHAM
KUMARAM SHAKTIHASTAM CHA MANGALAM PRANAMAMYAHA
“I pray to Mars, born of Earth, who shines with the same brilliance as lightning, the young man who carries a spear.”
The ritual: The mantra is to be chanted after bathing on a Tuesday. Red clothing is to be worn and Red colour flowers are offered in prayer.
Budh war ( Wednesday) – Lord Krishna: This mantra is to keep appease Krishna. Many places in India Wednesday is also associated with Ganesha. It is highly auspicious to start a new venture on this day. Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and represents the human intellect and intelligence. The intellect is something that we carry with us with from one life to the other as well. It is also logic, reason and intuitive. Mercury represents communication and our ability to communicate effectively, so it is a very important planet.
Budh Mantra :
Om Priyam Gukalikaashyaamam Rupenaam prathimam Budham।
Saumyam Saumya Gunorpetham tham Budham pranamaamyaham ॥
I pray to Mercury, dark like the bud of millet, of unequalled beauty, gentle and agreeable.
The ritual: The mantra is to be chanted after bathing . Green clothing is to be worn and green colour tulsi leaves are offered in prayer.
Brahispati war/ guru war (Thursday) Vishnu and Gurus:
Vishnu is said to be the ruler of this day and so is Jupiter and and the chanting of this mantra, bestows the person with wisdom and knowledge, most importantly Prosperity. It is a day on which Gurus are honoured. So most saints are prayed to on Thursday i.e- Sai baba. Jupiter is a heavy and dense planet and represents the wisdom of the Gurus. He is the guru of the angels or the devas in the Hindu mythology. He is the most positive planet amongst the nine, because he will always stand and fight for truth. He can also bring a lot of riches if well placed in a horoscope.
Brahispati Mantra :
Devanam cha Rishinaam cha Gurum Kanchana Sannibham
Budhi-bhootam Trilokesham tam Namami Brihaspatim
I pray to Jupiter, the teacher of gods and rishis, intellect incarnate, lord of the three worlds.
The Ritual : Yellow clothing is to be worn after bathing and Yellow colour flowers are offered in prayer on a Thursday. Yellow coloured food is consumed on this day.
Shukra war (Friday Attack)– Devi Laxmi /Devi durga :
Shukra Mantra is chanted for being blessed with love, Beauty , artistic skills, luxury and comfort. It is also the day of Goddess Laxmi the goddess of wealth. The Shakti Roop is honoured on this day, all devis are worshipped.i.e Santoshi Maa. Venus the brightest star in the solar system. It is also associated with the medicinal arts and re-birth and rejuvenation. In the mythological stories, he is the guru of the demons and hence has immense knowledge about the sciences, arts and medicines but he is not that fond of the gods and the angels. He has a dark side. He also represents the Semen in the body and depending on the placement a lot can be said about the sexual drive of the person in question.
Shukra Mantra :
Hima-kunta-mrinaa-laabham Daityaanam-paramam Gurum
Sarva-shastra Pravaktaaram Bhargavam Pranamamyaham
I pray to Venus, the ultimate preceptor of demons, promulgator of all learning, he who shines like the fiber of snow-white jasmine.
Ritual: The colour of this day is white. Many devotees keep fasts that allows them only one meal a day i.e on Friday. Mother Goddess worshippers should also observe that nothing sour should be consumed on this day.
Shani war ( Saturday’s attack)– Shani Dev and Hanuman:
Shani is the personification of the planet Saturn, often feared by Hindus, as it is said that if Shani enters one’s life it creates havoc. It is believed that one who offers sesame oil at Shani temples are ridden of this bad luck. Another belief is that If one prays to Hanuman he will be free of Shani’s negativity.
It is said that when Hanuman burnt Lanka, he had freed Shani from Ravana and so Shani had promised Hanuman that any devotee of Hanuman will be spared of Shani’s negativity. So, many devotees pray to Hanuman on Saturday. Also Hanuman represents Mars and action, and only through action can be remove the ill – effects of Shani which represents Karmas from a previous life that we need to work through in this life.
Saturn or Shani is the dispenser of Justice and cannot be blamed for giving good or bad effect. He will simply give you what you deserve, and if you don’t like it, then we suffer through our mind. Saturn also represents things such as occult, oil, revenge, ability to judge, hidden feelings and hard work.
Neelanjana Samaabhasam Ravi-putram Yama-agrajam
Chchaya-martaanda Sambhootam tam Namami Shanaiswaram
I pray to Saturn, the slow moving, born of Shade and Sun, the elder brother of Yama, the offspring of Sun, he who has the appearance of black collyrium.
Ritual : The colour of Shani is Black. So Sesame seeds and sesame oil is used In offering. Black clothes and black gram is also offered on a Saturn-day.
A well known Shani temple is at Shani Singnapur. Around 400 years ago a farmer had a dream in which he received a message to dig in a certain place of his field. On doing so, he discovered a long black and unusual stone. When he pierced the stone it started to bleed. Thus was established the Shani Temple, which is a must visit and about a 5 hour drive from Mumbai.
Rahu, Ketu and Navgraha Mantras:
Rahu and Ketu are the North (Rahu) and South (Ketu) node of the Moon. When the eclipse happens there are many energy portals that open up in the universe and new energies are given, and old ones taken. Rahu and Ketu represent this transformation that takes place continuous in the universe. Rahu is the scientific, dominant, attached and rebellious force whereas Ketu is the subtle, religious bent and detached force.
In the mythological stories of Hindu Puranas, One demon drank a drop of the Amrit or Elixir of Life, which emerged when the oceans were churned. Vishnu chopped his head off immediately but till then the demon had already become immortal. Rahu is the head of the demon and Ketu the headless body. Since then they were accorded their divine functions, but both are considered malefic. Though Rahu can bestow great amount of Fame and Wealth if favourable, and Ketu is the only planet that can deliver Salvation or Moksha.
‘OM ARDHA KAYAM MAHAVIRYAM’
‘CHANDRA DITYA VIMARDANAM’
‘SINGHIKA GARBA SAMBHUTAM’
‘TAM RAHU PRANAMAMYHAM’
“Oh, Half-bodied brave being, eclipse of the sun and the moon, born from the womb of Demoness Singhika, we pray obedience to you, for your blessings”
‘OM PALASHPUTRA SHAMKASHAM’
‘TARAKA GRAH MASKTAKAM’
‘RAUDRAM RAUDRATMAK GHOURAM’
‘TAM KETU PRANAMAMYAHAM’
I pray to Ketu, who has the appearance of Palaasha flower, the head of stars and planets, fierce and terrifying.
NAVGRAHA or NINE PLANETS MANTRA – BEEJ MANTRAS OR SEED MANTRAS
Om Suryaya Namah – for sun
Om Som Somaya Namah – for moon
Om Bhaum Bhaumay Namah – for Mars
O Bum Budhay Namah – for Mercury
Om Brim Brihaspataye Namah – for Jupiter
Om Sham Shukraiye Namah – for Venus
Om Sham Shainaisharchrya Namah – for Saturn
Om Ram Rahave Namah – for Rahu
Om Kem Ketavaye Naham – for Ketu