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Birth of Rama and Gurukul – chapter 1

Chapter 1 – Birth of Rama and Gurukul

The terror and torment of the rule of the demonic Ravan had burdened the Dharti (earth) with an immense load of sins. The anguished and suffering Dharti (earth) appealed to Indra to help her, who in turn appealed to Brahma. Then Brahma gathered all the Gods together with Dharti, and took them to Lord Shiva, and then all of them together went to Vishnudham, where Lord Vishnu was reclining on his Sheshshaiyya (serpent seat). Goddess Lakshmi was seated there also, gently massaging his feet. This was the drama or Leela of the gods for the birth of Rama.

 

The Gods appealed to Vishnu to help Dharti (earth) rid herself of the trouble and turmoil the demons were causing. Lord Vishnu promised to appear in the near future on earth in a human form, as the new Divine avatar (descent of the Divine spirit into a human body) for this purpose.

The Gods appealed to Vishnu to help Dharti (earth) rid herself of the trouble and turmoil the demons were causing. Lord Vishnu promised to appear in the near future on earth in a human form, as the new Divine avatar (descent of the Divine spirit into a human body) for this purpose.

Meanwhile, King Dashratha of Ayodhya had reached his middle age, but had not yet fathered any sons to continue his kingly lineage. He appealed to his Guru, the Sage Vashishtha, to help resolve his problem. Sage Vashishtha in turn called on Shringi Rishi to perform the Putreshti Yagna (fire sacrifice for the purpose of obtaining sons) for King Dashratha, who made all arrangements for the Yagna. At the end of the ritual, Agni, the Lord of Fire, appeared with a bowl of kheer (rice pudding). Dashratha gave the kheer to his three queens, Kaushalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. At the end of nine months, Rama was born to Kaushalya, Bharata to Kaikeyi, and Lakshmana and Shatrughna to Sumitra.

Mother Kaushalya with son Rama

Mother Kaushalya with son Rama

It was the day of the full moon. Kausalya was feeding her son, Rama, showing him the full moon in the sky. The little child was captivated by the bright moon in the sky. “Give me,” he said pointing to the moon up in the sky.
Kausalya laughed at the innocence of her child. Then she had an idea. She ran to her room and returned with a mirror. She handed it over to Rama.
The child looked at the mirror and saw the moon’s reflection in it.
“I got the moon,” he jumped in joy.

King Dashratha was immersed in the love of his four sons, and soon under his loving gaze the boys grew into young teenagers, on the threshold of mature youthhood.

King Dashratha called Sage Vashishtha to perform their sacred thread ceremony, the Yagnopavita Samskara. Then, afterwards, they were sent away from home in the company of their guru, to live at his Gurukul for their education. The three mothers were extremely upset at their departure, but then, this was a necessary rite of passage, to mold them in harsher conditions than those that prevailed in the palace.

King Dashratha called Sage Vashishtha to perform their sacred thread ceremony, the Yagnopavita Samskara. Then, afterwards, they were sent away from home in the company of their guru, to live at his Gurukul for their education.

In the Gurukul, along with his three brothers, Rama learnt about Religion, Duty, Polity and Archery. In the Gurukul system of learning it did not matter if you were the son of a King or an ordinary man, everyone stayed together with the same privileges. Every day he worshiped Lord Shiva. In a few years he became well versed in the scriptures, including the Vedas, and other subjects taught at the Gurukul.

Birth of Rama and Gurukul – Chapter 1 of the Ramananand Sagar’s Ramayan which explains how Shri Vishnu takes an avatar of Shri Rama in the house of Emperor Dasratha of Ayodhya, along with him are born his brothers Lakshmana, Bharat and Shatrugna from different mothers. This was the planning of the Gods to save mother earth from the anguish and terror of Demon King Ravana who had become all powerful. The children grow up fast and are sent to Gurukul, a school in a forest area which treats equally all castes, races and socio-economic strata.

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