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Sant Surdas

 

 

Period : 1478 to 1479 AD

 

Sant Surdas Photo

Sant Surdas Photo

Sant Surdas is a very important name of the Hindi literature poets who contributed towards Bhakti-Andolan (devotion upheaval) by writing many devotional poems. The place that Shri Goswami Tulsidas has got in devotion of Lord Ram, the same is attained by Shri Surdas in writing devotional poems for Lord Krishna. He was the best and most impressive poetic Saint of the way of Krishna devotion.

 

Surdas was born in a small village named Sihi, which is located in South of Delhi near Braj region on the Agra-Mathura road. According to “Chaurasi Vaishnavon ki Varta” he was a Saraswat Brahmin. Some believe him to be of Brahmabhatt lineage. His father’s name is said to be Ramdas.

 

Shri Surdas’s birth time is believed to be in between 1478 to 1479 AD. It is said that he was blind since birth. (Some people also believe that he was not blind by birth but became blind later).

Shri Surdas’s birth time is believed to be in between 1478 to 1479 AD. It is said that he was blind since birth. (Some people also believe that he was not blind by birth but became blind later).

Yamuna River

Yamuna River

Shri Surdas had left his birthplace at a very young age and had started living at Gau ghat on the banks of river Yamuna. Here, he met Shri Vallabhacharya who accepted him as his disciple and inspired him to recite Shrimad Bhagwat Katha like a poem.

 

Surdas has written many sweet poems filled with devotion for Krishna. The collection of his poems is known as “Sursagar”. In this, originally there were 1,00,000 padas (poems) but only 8,000 padas are available.

 

Shree Krishna And Sant Surdas Canvas Painting

Shree Krishna And Sant Surdas Canvas Painting

It is said that before leaving the village, his father had a huge fight with Muslims. Fighting against the atrocities of Muslims, his father and six brothers had died. After this, support less Shri Surdas wandered here and there. In between, one day he fell down in a well and remained inside for six days. There was no one around, so distressed was Surdas, that he called out for Shri Krishna and it is said that on the seventh day, Shri Krishna took him out of the well and manifested himself. With the darshan of Shri Krishna, he was overwhelmed and when Shri Krishna told him to ask for a boon, he said, “The eyes, with which I have seen you, should not see anything else with the same eyes.” It is said that after this, registering Shri Krishna’s beautiful image in his heart, Surdas once again became blind and seeing this image all his life, he kept singing bhajans of Shri Krishna.

It is said that after this, registering Shri Krishna’s beautiful image in his heart, Surdas once again became blind and seeing this image all his life, he kept singing bhajans of Shri Krishna.

Lord Krishna Painting

Lord Krishna Painting

Surdas has sung elaborately in padas about Shri Krishna’s life right from birth till his journey to Mathura. In his padas, he has described Shri Krishna’s leela so beautifully and pleasantly that anyone who listens to it or reads it becomes emotional.

 

It is said that a writer always remained within him. Whatever bhajan he used to say, the writer immediately penned it down. On many occasions, when the writer was not around, Shri Krishna personally used to come and do the job of the writer. Once, Shri Surdas felt that the writer wrote everything before he spoke. This cannot be done by anyone else other than God.

 

Every single pada of Shri Surdas is unique.  He has written his padas in Braj language which are considered the peak in Braj literature, he has brought up Braj language to equal levels with other languages as far as expressing emotions is concerned.

It is said that a writer always remained within him. Whatever bhajan he used to say, the writer immediately penned it down. On many occasions, when the writer was not around, Shri Krishna personally used to come and do the job of the writer.

Sant Surdas Posters

Sant Surdas Posters

Shri Vallabhacharya’s son Gosain Shri Vitthalnath has selected eight Krishna devotee poets from all and written “Ashtachaap”. In these, there are eight poets named Surdas, Nanddas, Kumbhandas, Parmananddas, Krishnadas, Cheetswami, Govindswami and Chaturbhujdas. Of these, Surdas was the most famous and impressive. Surdas’s fame and devotion was so impressive that his padas in the form of “Surdas bani” are included in the Sikh’s religious granth Gurugranth Sahib.

 

Surdas’s devotion was exceptional. Once again, it can only be said for this great poetic saint who with his devotional creations has blessed many devotees that he was inimitable, exceptional and his creations were ultimate peak of the blissful soul.

 

There is a presumption about Shri Surdas that between 1581 and 1584 AD he had left the physical body and left for Shri Krishna’s Golok.

There is a presumption about Shri Surdas that between 1581 and 1584 AD he had left the physical body and left for Shri Krishna’s Golok

 

 

 

 

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