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Sant Ramdas Swami

 

 

Saint Ramdas,Sant Ramdas, Shri Ramdas, Shri Ramdas Swami

 

Period : 1608-1681

 

Guru Ramdas And Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Guru Ramdas And Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Sant Ramdas Swami was an inimitable saint of India who had created a religious awareness as well as started the movement of national and cultural awareness and was the guru and guide of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He was born in 1608 (Gerogian calendar) on Ramnavami in the Jamb Village of Aurangabad district in Maharashtra. His father’s name was Suryaji Panth Toshar and mother’s name was Renukabai. His parents had named him Narayan.

 

When Narayan was five years old, his investiture with sacred thread was done. In his childhood he loved sports. But he had learnt writing, reading, accounts and daily routine prayers at an early age. He used to meditate since he was very young age. In childhood once, he was meditating in a closed room and became engrossed in meditation. When his mother asked him what he was doing, he replied that he was praying for the welfare of the world. Hearing this, his mother was very pleased.

 

 

Lord Ram

Lord Ram

This feeling of welfare of world, which was seen in Shri Ramdas since child hood, went on increasing as he grew up. It is said that Shri Ramdas used to bow to Surya (sun god) daily 2,000 times. He pleased Hanuman at the age of eight years and had a glimpse of Shri Ramchandra. Shri Ramchandra had personally consecrated him and named him Ramdas.

He pleased Hanuman at the age of eight years and had a glimpse of Shri Ramchandra. Shri Ramchandra had personally consecrated him and named him Ramdas.

Guru Ramdas

Guru Ramdas

When he was twelve years old, preparations were on to get him married. In the pavillion of marriage ceremony, putting a cloth between the bride and the bridegroom, the Pandit started saying the mangalacharan (blessing) Shlokas (Sanskrit couplet). After the first mangalacharan when everybody said “Shubh-lagna savadhan”, Shri Ramdas became savadhan (attention) and ran away from there with the speed of light.

 

Panchavati

Panchavati

After running away, at a distance of 3 miles, Ramdas swam river Godavari and walking on the banks of river, reached Nasik Panchvati. Then, he went to Tafali town near Nasik where the river Goda and Nandini meets; Shri Ramdas started living in a cave. There, he did purascharan (repeating the name of a deity) of Traydashakar (13 letter) Ram mantra “Shri Ram jai Ram jai jai Ram”. After finishing the purascharan, he once again had a glimpse of Shri Ram. It is said that after giving him his darshan, Ram had ordered him to visit all the pilgrimages and then go to bank of Krishna River.

 

As per the orders, Shri Ramdas visited all the pilgrimages. During his journey wherever he went, he established a math (a monastery) at each place and in each math appointed one of his disciples as the head of the monastery.

As per the orders, Shri Ramdas visited all the pilgrimages. During his journey wherever he went, he established a math (a monastery) at each place and in each math appointed one of his disciples as the head of the monastery.

Shri Ramdas Poster

Shri Ramdas Poster

After the pilgrimage, Shri Ramdas reached Paithan where he came to know that his mother had lost her vision as a result of crying all the time. Hearing this, Shri Ramdas immediately went to his mother and the moment he touched her eyes with his hands, she got her vision back. After this, Shri Samarth made her hear Kapil Gita and taking her permission, set out again.

 

After twelve years of penance and twelve years of pilgrimage, as per Shri Ram’s order, Shri Samarth reached the banks of Krishna in Vaishakh month of Samvat (the year of Vikram era) 1701 and lived at Mahuli Ksetra. Here, highly evolved and great saints came to meet him. Badgaon’s Jayram Swami, Nigadi’s Rangnath Swami, Bramnaal’s Anandmurty Swami, Bhaganagar’s Keshav Swami and Shri Samarth himself, all these five together are known as “Das-Panchayatan”.

 

After sometime, Shri Ramdas came from Mahuli to Kanhad and five miles away from there, near Shahpur he started living in a cave of a mountain. Shri Samarth built “Pratap Maruti Mandir” in Shahpur. From there, he came to Chafalkhore where the Subedar (governor) was so impressed with him that he got consecrated from him and became his disciple. Also his sister Rakhumai, along with her two sons Ambaji and Dattatreya dedicated themselves to Samarth’s feet.

After the pilgrimage, Shri Ramdas reached Paithan where he came to know that his mother had lost her vision as a result of crying all the time. Hearing this, Shri Ramdas immediately went to his mother and the moment he touched her eyes with his hands, she got her vision back. After this, Shri Samarth made her hear Kapil Gita and taking her permission, set out again.

Shivaji Maharaj And Ramdas poster

Shivaji Maharaj And Ramdas poster

Shri Samarth built 11 Maruti temples. He built Shri Ram’s temple in Champavati. In samvat 1702 at Masur, Shri Ramdas announced to start the celebration of the festival of Ramnavmi. After this, celebration of Ramnavmi started at other places also. This was like a new awakening for the society. With this, Hindu powers started uniting. During those days, Shivaji Maharaj was trying to establish Maharashtra as Hindu religious state. Hearing about the fame of Samarth Ramdas, Shivaji went in to his feet and became his disciple.

 

In the year samvat 1706, in Shinganwadi near Chafal, Shri Samarth accepted him as his disciple and gave him the mantra, “Shri Ram jai Ram jai jai Ram”. It was Shri Ramdas’s inspiration behind Shivaji’s success and good rule. Chatrapati Shivaji used to keep his guru’s shoes on to his throne and rule according to his advice only. Shri Ramdas always told him to rule the state thinking its Ram’s state and not his, as he was a representative of lord Ram in the form of a king whose duty is to serve his subjects.

Shivaji Maharaj was trying to establish Maharashtra as Hindu religious state. Hearing about the fame of Samarth Ramdas, Shivaji went in to his feet and became his disciple.

Shri Ramdas Canvas Painting

Shri Ramdas Canvas Painting

Shri Samarth had 1,100 disciples of which 300 were women. Shri Ramdas sent his disciples in every corner of India for the preaching of Hindu religion. This impressed Hindus all over India. His maths in North India directly or indirectly greatly helped Shivaji in his work.

 

 

 

 

 

Shri Samarth Ramdas’s maths

Shri Samarth Ramdas’s maths

Out of the granths (religious books) that Shri Samarth wrote, “Das-Bodh”,“Manobodh”, “Karunashtak”, “Purana dasbodh”, “Aatmaram”, “Ramayan”, “Chaturth maan”, “Maan panchak”, “Panchman” etc are the chief granths. Apart from Maharashtra, Shri Samarth Ramdas’s maths is in all over India at places like Kashi, Prayag, Ayodhya, Mathura, Dwarka, Badrikedar, Rameshwaram, Gangasagar, Tanjore etc.

 

On the Magh Krishna navmi in the year 1862 prepared for Mahaprayaan (to leave his body) and he sat down in front of Shri Ram’s idol. After this, he recited the word “ Har-har” 21 times and the moment he uttered Shri Ram, a light came out of his mouth and merged in to the idol of Shri Ram.

 

Shri Ramdas Math

Shri Ramdas Math

Samarth Ramdas, with his supernatural powers was samarth (capable) of doing anything. That is why people called him Samarth Ramdas. Because of cruel policies of Muslim rulers when the Sanatan society was living suffocated, the role Shri Samarth played for uplifting of Hindu religion cannot be described in words.

 

 

 

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