The healthy monsoon, which has covered most parts of the country by now, marks the beginning of the 7th month of July as per the Gregorian calendar. Ashadha or Aashaadha the fourth month of the Hindu calendar has crossed it’s halfway by now. Ashadha begins on 15 June till 16 July, as per most solar calendars followed by different states in India like Kerala, Assam, North Indian States like UP, Bihar etc. It is the first of the two months that comprise the monsoon season (The other being Shravan).
The monsoon rain in India begins every year in June. This has been happening without fail year after year for the last so many millennia. Even in the Ramayana text, there is mention of this annual rainy season period. In the year 5076 BCE, Sugreeva and his army had to wait for a couple of months before starting their march to Lanka, because it was the rainy season. This shows that this rain is an annual, regular feature.
Do You Know: There is a correlation between rain, year and rains in India?
Rain, in India, is called Varsha.
The year is also called Varsha.
The land is also called Bharatha Varsha.
The relation Indian people share with rain shows how much importance and impact it carries in each person’s life. The arrival of Varsha, the rain, at a regular frequency of once a year, gave the notion of Varsha, the year and the land on which she poured, gave the notion of Varsha, the nation.
Talking from Astrological point of view, Vedic Jotish, Ashadh begins with the Sun’s entry into Gemini. Aashaada masam marks the beginning of Dakshinayana when, the Sun takes a southward turn in the zodiac. During the month of Aashada, Sun transits into Karkataka Raasi known as Karkataka Sankramana that generally occurs in the calendar month of July, exactly six months after the beginning of Uttarayana. The month in which the full moon day coincides with Poorva/Uttara-Aashaada constellation, that month is denoted as Aashaada masam.
People avoid undertaking auspicious events this month. The inauspicious tag attached to Ashada month is due to the fact that the Dakshinayana Punnjaykalam or Karak Sankranti begins in this month. The sun changes its courses in this month and next six months is the night time of Devas (gods), which ends with Makar Sankranti.
There is a tradition among certain communities in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in which newly married couple does not stay together in Ashadamasam. Usually, the wife stays away from her husband and returns to her home.
In Tamil Nadu, the tradition is followed in Aadi Masam. This is a sort of precaution, if the wife becomes pregnant in Ashada, she will give birth in March (Chaitra).
Traditionally, as Lord Rama is born in this month, people usually believe that children born in this month will have to face difficulties like him.
Scientifically, this is the hottest period in India and it is not suitable for the health of the mother and child. Today, with modern medical facilities this particular custom is not strictly followed.
From Ayurveda context it is a period of Pitta or metabolism predominance with Vata or movement accumulation.
Chaturmas starts in Ashad month (14th July). The Chaturmas months are savan, bhado, ashwin and kartik.
Do You Know: There are two Gupt (hidden) Navratre in a year. One is observed in the month of Magh (January – February) and the other is observed in the month of Ashad (June – July). Ashad Navratre is also known as Shakambari Navratre and Gayatri Navratre. The main two famous Navratre fall in the months of Chaitra and Ashwin. There is another Navratre festival known as “Poushya Navigate.” It is celebrated in the months of December and January. The two main are observed at the start of the summer and the winter. Ashad Navratre is observed to prepare the body to bear the negativity observed in the Chaturmas rainy period.