Welcome to Sagar World, blessed by Dr. Ramanand Sagar

Volume 1

Sagar Vandan,

Gregorian Calendar

The healthy monsoon, which has covered most parts of the country by now, marks the beginning of the 7th month of July as per the Gregorian calendar. Ashadha or Aashaadha the fourth month of the Hindu calendar has crossed it’s halfway by now. Ashadha begins on 15 June till 16 July, as per most solar calendars followed by different states in India like Kerala, Assam, North Indian States like UP, Bihar etc. It is the first of the two months that comprise the monsoon season (The other being Shravan).


The monsoon rain in India begins every year in June. This has been happening without fail year after year for the last so many millennia. Even in the Ramayana text, there is mention of this annual rainy season period. In the year 5076 BCE, Sugreeva and his army had to wait for a couple of months before starting their march to Lanka, because it was the rainy season. This shows that this rain is an annual, regular feature.

Do You Know: There is a correlation between rain, year and rains in India?
Rain, in India, is called Varsha.
The year is also called Varsha.
The land is also called Bharatha Varsha.
The relation Indian people share with rain shows how much importance and impact it carries in each person’s life. The arrival of Varsha, the rain, at a regular frequency of once a year, gave the notion of Varsha, the year and the land on which she poured, gave the notion of Varsha, the nation.

Talking from Astrological point of view, Vedic Jotish, Ashadh begins with the Sun’s entry into Gemini. Aashaada masam marks the beginning of Dakshinayana when, the Sun takes a southward turn in the zodiac. During the month of Aashada, Sun transits into Karkataka Raasi known as Karkataka Sankramana that generally occurs in the calendar month of July, exactly six months after the beginning of Uttarayana. The month in which the full moon day coincides with Poorva/Uttara-Aashaada constellation, that month is denoted as Aashaada masam.

People avoid undertaking auspicious events this month. The inauspicious tag attached to Ashada month is due to the fact that the Dakshinayana Punnjaykalam or Karak Sankranti begins in this month. The sun changes its courses in this month and next six months is the night time of Devas (gods), which ends with Makar Sankranti.

  • There is a tradition among certain communities in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in which newly married couple does not stay together in Ashadamasam. Usually, the wife stays away from her husband and returns to her home.

  • In Tamil Nadu, the tradition is followed in Aadi Masam. This is a sort of precaution, if the wife becomes pregnant in Ashada, she will give birth in March (Chaitra).

    Goddess Aadi Parashakti is worshipped throughout the state specially on each Friday of the Ashad Month in Tamil Nadu

    Traditionally, as Lord Rama is born in this month, people usually believe that children born in this month will have to face difficulties like him.

    Scientifically, this is the hottest period in India and it is not suitable for the health of the mother and child. Today, with modern medical facilities this particular custom is not strictly followed.


From Ayurveda context it is a period of Pitta or metabolism predominance with Vata or movement accumulation.

Durga – Painting by Pieter Weltevrede

Chaturmas starts in Ashad month (14th July). The Chaturmas months are savan, bhado, ashwin and kartik.

Do You Know: There are two Gupt (hidden) Navratre in a year. One is observed in the month of Magh (January – February) and the other is observed in the month of Ashad (June – July). Ashad Navratre is also known as Shakambari Navratre and Gayatri Navratre. The main two famous Navratre fall in the months of Chaitra and Ashwin. There is another Navratre festival known as “Poushya Navigate.” It is celebrated in the months of December and January. The two main are observed at the start of the summer and the winter. Ashad Navratre is observed to prepare the body to bear the negativity observed in the Chaturmas rainy period.



Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra: Every year in mid-summer, Lord Jagannath, with his elder brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadra, goes on vacation, traveling on grand chariots, from his temple in Puri to his garden palace in the countryside. Jagannath, believed to be an avatar of Lord Vishnu, is the Lord of Puri — the coastal town of Orissa in eastern India. Rath Yatra is of great significance to the Hindus, and especially to the people of Orissa. It is during this time that the three deities of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra are taken out in a grand procession in specially made gigantic temple-like chariots called raths, which are pulled by thousands of devotees.

The festival begins with the Ratha Prathistha or invoking ceremony in the morning, but the Ratha Tana or chariot pulling is the most exciting part of the festival, which begins in the late afternoon when the chariots of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhdra start rolling. Each of these carriages have different specifications: The chariot of Lord Jagannath is called Nandighosa, has 18 wheels and is 23 cubits high; the chariot of Balabhadra, called Taladhvaja has 16 wheels and is 22 cubits high; Devadalana, the chariot of Subhadra has 14 wheels and is 21 cubits high.

Lord Jagannath

Each year these wooden chariots are constructed anew in accordance with religious specifications. The idols of these three deities are also made of wood and they are religiously replaced by new ones every after 12 years. After a nine-day sojourn of the deities at the country temple amidst festivities, the divine summer vacation gets over and the three return to the city temple of Lord Jagannath.

Guru Purnima: The full moon day (purnima) in the Hindu month of Ashad (July–August) is observed as the auspicious day of Guru Purnima,

Ganesh sitting with Ved Vyas

a day sacred to the memory of the great sage Maharshi Veda Vyasa. Dattatreya, regarded as the guru of gurus, was himself educated by Vyasa.
In the religious scriptures of Hinduism and Buddhism, the festive event of Guru Purnima is not only considered important, but also sacred. As per these age-old cultures, a Guru, a teacher is next to the God, and therefore an integral part of the society and its building process. This year, the auspicious day of Guru Purnima was be celebrated on July 27, 2018.

The period of Chaturmas (“four months”) begins on this day. Traditionally, this was the time when wandering spiritual masters and their disciples settled down in a single place to study the Brahma Sutras composed by Vyasa—a time to conduct Vedantic discussions.

Ashada Ekadasi, also known as Maha Ekadasi, Padma Ekadasi and Devpodhi Ekadasi is observed on the 11th lunar day of Indian month, Ashada. This day is especially

Vitthala – Rukmini

significant to the Vaishnava community, as Lord Vishnu enters into Yoganidra on this day, at the Ksheer Sagara, Ocean of Milk. This Ekadasi is of great importance at the Vitthala temple in Maharashtra.

One of the most popular forms of Vishnu worshipped in the Maratha land is that of Vithoba or Vitthala. Vitta means “brick”. When Vishnu appeared in front of His devotee, His devotee was busy caring for His parents. He offered Vishnu a brick and asked Him to wait on it till he could return after tending to his parents. Vishnu stood on the brick and the whole moment was frozen in stone as an idol. Vithoba, Vitthala is the name given to Vishnu standing on a brick waiting for His sincere devotee to return.

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